- Trawnley Hope to Holmes: Report of stolen letter
- Watson to Holmes: the newspaper report regarding murder of Eduardo Lucas
- Lestrade to Holmes: discovery and inquiry of the incongruent stains.
- Constable to Holmes: sequence of action the previous night
- Holmes to Watson: solution of the mystery.
- Lady Hopes to Holmes: sequence of events
The story presents three cases of narrative framing:
‘One day I locked my flat in soul city’ (referred to hereafter as The Soul city) on the other hand is told completely from an Intradiegetic also called homodiegetic view point i.e. the story is told by a narrator in the first person who tells his own story of rootlessness and vague existential angst. There is no duality of voice as the narrator is the only character in the story who witnesses and enacts all the action himself. The story presents a unique narratorial ambivalence: on one hand the narrator has a strong degree of presence in the story, being more than a secondary character, witness or observer as he is the vehicle of all action and impressions that derive from it. On the other hand he is an ‘Unreliable Narrator’ as his version of reality appears to be blurred and distorted being obsessed with the idea of the masses walking towards some particular direction. Social convention lays down that a person know his destination and thereby make a concerted effort to fulfill that destination. However in the story neither the narrator makes any such effort nor do the masses whom he joins – they all partake in what appears to be an absurdist rootless movement. Accordingly there is no level of framing that occurs at any point in the story – the narration essentially relying on just two actions: the narrator marching in the same direction as the masses away from his flat and narrator marching in a direction opposite to the masses to reach his flat. Structurally therefore the story is far less complex and plain than the detective fiction. I argue that this plainness is the strength of the story rather than the defect as it complements the subversion of the canonical techniques of artistic production manifest in the Second Stain. However at present I shall restrict myself to this claim as a detailed analysis will follow at the end. It is more profitable now to explore other elements of the stories to arrive at an idea of their differing narrative structures.
Fable vs. Subject
E1N1 + E2N2 + E3N3+E4N4 +………… E13N13 = Fable
Where E1 = letter being taken from the dispatch box by Lady Hopes
Describes only the cognitive states of the narrator
Describes the cognitive states of other characters as well
- Bob to policeman: The account of the promise between the two friends with an explanatory background history.
- Jimmy to Bob: (through note): the account of fulfillment of behavior and subsequent events.
- Rao R Raj: One Day I locked my Flat in Soul City : HarperColllins Publishers India: 1995.
- Dollimore Jonathan: Sexual Dissidence: Oxford University Press: 1991.
- Waugh Patricia: Literary Theory and Criticism: Oxford University Press: 2006.
- Bloom Harold: Charles Dickens's Hard Times: Chelsea House New York- 1987.
- Bloom Harold: Modern Critical Interpretations: Jane Eyre Chelsea House New York-1987.
- RL Brett: Reason and Imagination: Study Of Form and Meaning in Four Poems.
- Ivanchivoka Alla: Sidewalks of Desire: The invention of Queer space: Journal of Contemporary Thought 2011.
- Fludernik Monika: An introduction to narratology: Routledge New York: 2010.
- Graham E Jean: “Ay Me – Selfishness and Empathy in Milton’s Lycidas: Journal of Medieval English Essays 2003.
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